FEMALE GENITO-URINARY APPARATUS

 

The female genito-urinary apparatus consists in a complex and delicate set of organs that are very close to each other, and that can be divided into two groups: the genital organs and the urinary organs.

Analysing the genital organs anatomically, and proceeding from the internal to the external parts, first of all there are the ovaries, i.e. female gonads responsible for the production and maturation of ovum cells (female gametes) as well as for the secretion of sexual hormones. The ovaries are connected to the uterus by means of the Fallopian tubes. The uterus is an organ located between the bladder and the rectum, consisting in a thick muscle layer (myometrium) and an internal mucosa (endometrium); its function is to receive the fertilized ovum, allowing embryo-foetal development. The endometrium changes periodically so as to favour nesting of the fertilized ovum; if, on the contrary, fecundation does not take place, the mucosa flakes off and most of it is eliminated through menstruation and will be reconstructed with the next cycle.

More externally is the vagina, extending from the cervix to the vulva, that is to say the external female genitals consisting in: mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora and clitoris. At vulva level, apart from the clitoris there is also the urethra, outermost part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract in the human body consists in a set of hollow organs forming a duct that starts in the kidney internally, continues through thin channels called ureters (major and minor), reaches the bladder and finally the urethra.

As with all the mucosa of the organism, mucosae covering walls of the organs and ducts of the genito-urinary tract are colonized by beneficial bacterial flora protecting them from pathogenic aggressions. There are many factors that contribute to impoverish the physiological bacterial flora of this delicate anatomical part, giving way to pathogens to proliferate: above all diets that are too rich in sugars and carbohydrates, drug abuse, but also using too aggressive intimate soaps or synthetic and tight undergarments.

Given that the two apparatuses are close to each other, it is quite obvious that an infection affecting one of them, will easily spread to the other, as well. This is the reason why very often infections of the urinary tract pass onto the vagina and vice versa. It is therefore extremely important to make sure that the physiological bacterial flora is preserved by following an appropriate diet, using detergents that respect the mucosa of the anatomical area while preventing colonization by pathogenic agents; secondly, in case of infection it is important to resort to effective natural remedies that solve the problem in a definitive way without causing any side effects whatsoever.